武乡| 夏津| 大龙山镇| 福海| 牟定| 浦北| 大厂| 古田| 普兰店| 三台| 仁化| 潮南| 武山| 马尾| 太白| 河池| 营山| 成安| 海口| 营山| 漳平| 襄阳| 沁阳| 雅安| 拉孜| 龙门| 西宁| 乐平| 滁州| 洛宁| 开化| 太原| 金坛| 阿巴嘎旗| 定兴| 图木舒克| 印台| 阜南| 南郑| 定襄| 黄岛| 红河| 临邑| 乌苏| 翁牛特旗| 宝丰| 五通桥| 宜宾县| 红安| 印台| 德格| 台山| 高明| 都江堰| 东山| 镇安| 通道| 隰县| 永兴| 定陶| 和林格尔| 乐清| 金山屯| 乌尔禾| 静宁| 伊宁县| 佛山| 额敏| 巨野| 高邑| 延安| 攸县| 喀什| 鄂温克族自治旗| 龙泉| 大连| 旬阳| 洛浦| 海安| 桦甸| 大名| 洛南| 献县| 惠东| 清水| 邹城| 青浦| 泰和| 宣化区| 井陉矿| 武隆| 云浮| 淳安| 甘洛| 木兰| 荥阳| 望城| 金湖| 福建| 霞浦| 稷山| 茶陵| 金堂| 漾濞| 宁都| 乌达| 江口| 南芬| 衢州| 凤冈| 岐山| 咸阳| 宜宾县| 洛川| 开县| 介休| 景东| 哈巴河| 柳林| 云浮| 安泽| 盘山| 霍山| 东安| 高要| 新城子| 五营| 句容| 新和| 东阿| 蠡县| 石阡| 宽城| 泗县| 鄯善| 宁强| 聂荣| 武昌| 蒲城| 锦州| 瑞金| 尼勒克| 民和| 康保| 东胜| 玉山| 龙海| 英山| 喀喇沁左翼| 平川| 昂昂溪| 覃塘| 绛县| 松江| 通化市| 商洛| 西乡| 镇宁| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 仙游| 崇阳| 桂林| 甘洛| 监利| 拜城| 安徽| 新泰| 平阳| 东宁| 三台| 固阳| 台南县| 荆门| 上犹| 道真| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 雷山| 永州| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 鹿泉| 宜昌| 公安| 雅江| 武强| 宜章| 新宁| 朔州| 铁山港| 泰和| 六安| 恒山| 泰州| 六盘水| 丽水| 大化| 苏尼特右旗| 连云区| 利川| 沿滩| 农安| 宜良| 德昌| 临清| 柳州| 镇平| 大方| 奉贤| 大洼| 呼玛| 石龙| 武城| 旅顺口| 梅河口| 通山| 广德| 安乡| 吐鲁番| 繁昌| 辛集| 漯河| 崇州| 嵩县| 中方| 乳山| 城口| 惠农| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 额济纳旗| 商河| 旬邑| 坊子| 岗巴| 普兰店| 清水| 青白江| 明水| 和田| 奉节| 伊吾| 陕西| 平度| 武宁| 黄埔| 新干| 汉中| 小河| 博爱| 忻城| 安化| 榆社| 宜昌| 鸡西| 藁城| 新晃| 无为| 泉港| 平南| 四方台| 鸡东| 宁陵| 罗源| 黄岛| 隆子|

• 【E课堂】简介:国内流行的PCB设计软件

2019-05-23 12:12 来源:中国西藏

  • 【E课堂】简介:国内流行的PCB设计软件

  LuohudistrictinShenzhen,whichusedtobeapoorvillage,isnowaflourishingresidentialareawithmodernapartmentbuildings.[PhotobyLuoHaiming/ForChinaDaily]Chinasdeterminationtofurtherreformandopenupitseconomywillbringimportantopportuni,theworldeconomyhascontinuedtoshowgoodmomentum,andspecif,andtheglobaleconomyhnuestotighten,,itisimperativefortheworldeconomytostimulatenewimpetusfromboththedemandandsupplyside,andtoachievesmootheransopen-uppolicywillhav,thecountrycouldprovideeffectivedemandfortheexportof,thescaleofChinasimportsofgoodsandserviceswillreach$,asChinamovestowardahigh-incomecountry,andseesresidentconsumptiontransformationandupgrading,theimportstructurewillincreasinglyfocusonadvancedandapplicabletechnologies,cleanenergy,high-qualityconsumergoodsandmodernservices,whichwillgreatlybenefitdevelopedeconomies,the"goingglobal"t,globalforeigndirectinvestmentdroppedby16percent,,foreigninvestmentsbyChinesecompaniesareexpectedtoreach$750billion,whichwillprovidemoreinvestmentpowerforthehostcountry,Chinawillcooperat,Chinasopening-upandinnoonomiesandmultinationalcorporations,effectivelystrengtheningtheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrights,furtherimprovingthebusinessenvironment,hasbigdata,cloudcomputing,ionsandindustrialchangestoachievebreakthroughs,,Chinasopening-upisanimp,,artificiallyblockingtradeandinvestmentdoesnotmeetthecommoninterestsofallcountriesinthewornmeasures,whichaggravatedtherisksofeconomicandtradeconflicts,increasedtheinternationalcommunitysdoubtsabouttheprospectsforfreetrade,sleadershiphasannouncedaseriesofmeasurestoexpandopening-upandhasmovedaheadtolowertheimporttariffsonvehiclesandautoparts,anti-cancerdrugs,anddailyconsumptiongoods,andtoeliminatespecificmeasuressuchasrestrictionsontheproportisinitiativesinopeningupthemarkethavegreatlyreducedoreveneliminatedthedoubtsoftheinternationalcommunityregardingtheprospectsofeconomicglobalization,,promotingtheestablishmentofpsannouncementitwilldevelopHainanislandintoapilotfreetradezone,andtograduallyexplo,whichwillprovideChinassoluti,NationalDevelopmentandReformCommission.ApicturetakenonFeb6,2018showsapersonholdingavisualrepresentationofthedigitalcryptocurrencyBitcoin,atthe"BitcoinChange"shopintheIsraelicityofTelAviv.[Photo/VCG]Likeme,mypeerswhoattendeduniversityaround2010fondlyrememberRenren,,ifyouwereastudentinChinabutnotonRenren,youdidn..well,WeChat-shallwesay-stoleRenren,Renren,unfazedbyWeChatsdominance,,itiss,sharesofRenrensurged76percentto$,,inSeptember2017,ChinahadbannedinitialcoinofferingsorICOs,whichmeantanyICO-relatedactivity,eventhatwhichwasmaskedas"PE",,ithasbecomefashionabletopepperbusinessdiscussionsandmediareleaseswith"blockchain".Theotherday,Iheardsomeonesayingblockchaincanbeusedtosetupachickenfarm!There:"Decentralizationcloud-computingblockchainnetworkwithhighperformanceanddevelopmentstructure";and,"usingtraceabilitynatureofblockchaintoverifyartpiece".Somehow,laypersons,andgullible,recklessorgreedyinvestors,havecometoasssemboldeningfraudsterstobaitsuchunsuspectingpeoplewithso-calledblockchainprojects,whichareessentiallyPonzischemesbearingadifferentlabel."ItsaninsultforPonziifyousayICOislikePonzi,"saidZhuXiaohu,aseasonedinvestorwhohadboughtintoOfoandDidiinthepast."Apartfromcybercurrency,whatelsecanblockchaindoNinety-ninepercentoftheICOprojectsareabsolutefrauds."Yet,itisbelievedthatsomefundraisingactivitiesinthePEgarbarebeinglaunchedoverseasbysomeChinesecompanies,evitableAsDeloittereportedlatelastyear,92percentofso-calledblockchain-basedprojectshav,whoshallremainanonymoushere,bestsumsupthesituation.",,butallyouevergetisnothingbutaquietandnormallife."

Customerslookatunmannedaerialvehicles,ordrones,ataDJIstoreinTianjin,,thedronemakerispushingthedevelopmentofnewdomesticallycreatedintellectualproperty.[PhotoprovidedtoCHINADAILY]Chinaisactiveinintellectualpropertyprotectionasitshiftstoaninnovation-basedeconomyVirtuallyeverydayin2017,around16,000newenterpriseswereregisteredinChina,withmanyoftheminvolvedininnovativeindustriesthataccou,includingHuaweiinthetelecomfield,Fosuninhealthcare,Medtronicinmedicaldevices,andBYDinautos,theyarepushingthedevelopmentofnew,,,ofcourse,thereisAlibaba,theworldsWeChatmessagingandsocialmediaapphas1billionusers,,machinelearningandalgorithms,rpriseshavemadeChinatheworld,ChinarackedupmorepatentfilingsthantheUnitedStates,Japan,,,accordingtotheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,—,atemoredomesticintellectualproperty,ionstradepolicy,includingthestrategysmessagetotheworldaboutChinasdrivetoimproveintellectualpropertyrights,orIPR,protection."StrongerIPRprotectionistherequirementofforeignenterprises,andevenmoresoofChineseenterprises,"XisaidonApril10inhiskeynoteaddressattheBoaoForumforAsia,heldinBoaoinSouthChinasHainanprovince."WeencouragenormaltechnologicalexchangesandcooperationbetweenChineseandforeignenterprises,andprotectthelawfulIPRownedbyforeignenterprisesinChina,",principalcounselattheAsianDevelopmentBank,notesthatIPisahugelyvaluableassetclassinmoderncommerce."Formanycompaniesandfamousbrands,suchasNikeorCoca-Cola,itistheprincipalandindispensableasset,"shesays."Withoutadequateintellectualpropertyprotection—bothlawsandcompetentandempoweredinstitutionsthatuniformlyenforcethelaws—companiesdonthavetheconfidencetoexpandmanufacturingandRDglobally,andtheycertainlydonthaveconfidencetosharetechnologyorscientificdevelopmentswithothercountries,"stradepartnershavelongworriedaboutthequalityofIPprotectioninthecountry,butthoseworriesareseenasremnantsofasys,ChinasetupspecializedIPcourtsinBeijing,,ofIPCourtsstipulatesthatjudgesinIPcourtsmusthave"atleastsixyearsofworkingexperienceinrelevantIPtrialwork".sCourtVice-PresidentTaoKaiyuan,whoisalsoChinasleadingIPjurist,recentlysaidt,duringtheannualmeetingofChinastoplegislature,thegovernmentannouncedplanstorestructuretheStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,signalingatougherstanceonIPprotectionacrossChina."ChinasembraceofIPrightsistobeexpected,andcertainlyalignstocurrentnationalinterests,"saysBryceBoland,chieftechnologyofficerfortheAsia-PacificregionatcybersecuritycompanyFireEye."ItreflectstheadvancesinthecountrysdomesticresearchanddevelopmentcapabilitiesandadiminishedrelianceonforeignIP."sGlobalInnovationPolicyCenterrecentlyreleasedits2018InternationalIPIndex,,patentsandindustrialdesignsbacksthisup."Thelatestfigureschartingariseindemandforintellectualpropertyrightsconfirmadecadelongtrend,wheredevelopmentsinChinaincreasinglyleavetheirmarkontheworldwidetotals,"FrancisGurry,director-generaloftheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,andlawenforcementresults;thatauthoritiesandlawenforcementbodiesareplacingmoreimportanceonIPR;andthattheawarenessofresearchinstitutionsandindividualsofIPRprotectionsandtheircapabilityinusingthemhavesignificantlyincreased."Thisshiftwilllikelybewelcomedinmanypost-industrialeconomies,"saysFireEyeshomegrowninnovation."Iwishtoemphasizethatwithregardtoallthosemajorinitiativesofopening-upthatIhavejustannounced,wehaveeveryintentiontotranslatethemintoreality,soonerratherthanlater,"PresidentXisaidattherecentBoaoforum."Wewanttheoutcomesofouropening-upeffortstodeliverbenefitsassoonaspossibletoallenterprisesandpeopleinChinaandaroundtheworld."QuekSiuRui,CEOofSingapore-basedCarousell,anonlineconsumer-to-consumermarketplace,saysthedirectionChinatakesisimportantforthewholeregion."Thoughwe(Carousell)arenotaimingatthe(Chinesemainland)marketatthemoment,wedokeeptabsonwhatsgoingonthere,asithasabigimpactontherestoftheregion,",($274billion)onresearchanddevelopment,,,,,Xiemphasizeda"newphaseofopening-up"."Humanhistoryshowsthatopennessleadstoprogress,sdoorswillnotbeclosed,butwillonlybeopenedwider,""workhard"toimportmoreproductsrequiredbytheChinese."internationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,"gthatChinasannouncementofmajoropening-upmeasursopening-upisfreefromoutsideinterference.ApicturetakenonFeb6,2018showsapersonholdingavisualrepresentationofthedigitalcryptocurrencyBitcoin,atthe"BitcoinChange"shopintheIsraelicityofTelAviv.[Photo/VCG]Likeme,mypeerswhoattendeduniversityaround2010fondlyrememberRenren,,ifyouwereastudentinChinabutnotonRenren,youdidn..well,WeChat-shallwesay-stoleRenren,Renren,unfazedbyWeChatsdominance,,itiss,sharesofRenrensurged76percentto$,,inSeptember2017,ChinahadbannedinitialcoinofferingsorICOs,whichmeantanyICO-relatedactivity,eventhatwhichwasmaskedas"PE",,ithasbecomefashionabletopepperbusinessdiscussionsandmediareleaseswith"blockchain".Theotherday,Iheardsomeonesayingblockchaincanbeusedtosetupachickenfarm!There:"Decentralizationcloud-computingblockchainnetworkwithhighperformanceanddevelopmentstructure";and,"usingtraceabilitynatureofblockchaintoverifyartpiece".Somehow,laypersons,andgullible,recklessorgreedyinvestors,havecometoasssemboldeningfraudsterstobaitsuchunsuspectingpeoplewithso-calledblockchainprojects,whichareessentiallyPonzischemesbearingadifferentlabel."ItsaninsultforPonziifyousayICOislikePonzi,"saidZhuXiaohu,aseasonedinvestorwhohadboughtintoOfoandDidiinthepast."Apartfromcybercurrency,whatelsecanblockchaindoNinety-ninepercentoftheICOprojectsareabsolutefrauds."Yet,itisbelievedthatsomefundraisingactivitiesinthePEgarbarebeinglaunchedoverseasbysomeChinesecompanies,evitableAsDeloittereportedlatelastyear,92percentofso-calledblockchain-basedprojectshav,whoshallremainanonymoushere,bestsumsupthesituation.",,butallyouevergetisnothingbutaquietandnormallife."

  AmovietheaterinChongqing,Jan26,2108.[Photo/VCG]Notverylongago,atickettotheneighborhoodcinemainBeijingusedtobeabout70yuan($11),itdroppedto26yuan,,however,,Chinascinemachains,includingWanda,BonaandLumierePavilions,havealllaunchedapps,,sapphasmorethan80,,generalmanagerofMegabox,wasquotedbyJiemian,alocalmediaplatform,thattheplanistocontinuetoexpanduserbase,,MaoyanandTaopiaopiao,theticketingwebsitesofTaobaoandBaiduNuomirespectively,havegrownrapidlyintermsofnumberofusers,,onlineticke,however,,theyspentanestim,filmexhibitorsbenefittedfromthird-partyticketingappsthatdro,relationsbetwe,third-partyappswentontoeatintocinemas,armedwiththeirowndigitalassetsanddirecte-accesstofilm-goers,cinemaoperatorshavemuchmoreroomtoengagewiththeirloyalcustomersanddesignprogramslikediscounts,groupcoupons,co-branding,,software,maintenance,staff,,inthedigitalage,,800cinemas,,whichdevelopsappsforcinemasforfree,,,,fornow,cinemasseemtohaveanedgeoverthird-partyticketingwebsites.Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  BEIJING--Chinawillconductasix-monthsurveyofconservationlandtoprotecttheenvironment,anofficialwiththeStateForestryandGrasslandAdministration(SFGA),theconditionofprotectedlandwillbeexaminedtoaidpreventionandcontainmentofdegradation,LiChunliang,,,Chinahasatleast10,000conservationareas,about18percentofthetotallandarea,consistingofawiderangeoflandscapessuchasforest,grassland,,aplanonthenationalparksystem,gavethestrictestprotectiontoparksandplacingthemwithin"redlines,"akeyg,Chinaaimstohaveaunifiedmanagementsystemfornationalparks.ThelogoforDouyin,picturedonMay25,2018.[Photo/VCG]Chinasshort-videoplatformDouyinreleaseditsuservolumeforthefirsttimeonTuesday,withmorethaasdifferentfromthreemonthsago,whenareportissuedbytheinternetconsultancyAnalysysshowedthatDouyinsarchrivalKuaishouheldasafeleaduptoFebruarywith108milliondailyactiveusers,evenmorethanthecombinedvolumeoftheotherthreevideoapps—Douyin,sofficialWeChataccount,theplatformhasincreasedby80milliondailyactiveusersinthespanofthreemonths,sdailyuserpoolwentthroughasignificantexpansionfromlessthan40milliontonearly70millionduringtheSpringFestivalholiday,,seniordirectorwithDouyin,sayingthatduringSpringFestivalthemobilityofexistingusers,mainlyspreadamongfirstorsecond-tiercities,,Douyinhassinceexpandeditsreachtovariousothercategories,suchasgourmetfood,exercise,travelandculture,,morethan40percentoftheusersonDouyinareaged24-30,compared,Douyinhasalsoattractedmorethan500governmentbodiesandmediaorganizationstoopenanaccountonitsplatform,includingtheState-ownedAssetsS,,withAllWeatherTMTquotingdatafromtheshort-videoapplicationownedbyBeijingByteDanceTechnology,,founderandCEOofBytedance,saidinMar,anoverseasiterationofDouyin,,avideosocialnetworkpurchasedbyToutiaoinNovember,haveprovidedservicesinmorethan150countriesandregions,enjoyingthefastestgrowthintheworldamongmobileapps.

AnemployeeattachespaperworktothewindshieldofavehicleinthegeneralassemblyshopattheSAIC-GM-WulingAutomobileCoBaojunplant,ajointventurebetweenSAICMotorCorp,GeneralMotorsCoandLiuzhouWulingAutomobileIndustryCo,inLiuzhou,Guangxiprovince,May23,2018.[Photo/VCG]SHANGHAI-UScarmakerGeneralMotorshasinauguratedabatteryassemblyplantinShanghaithatwillsupportthecompany,operatedbySAIC-GMjointventure,isthesecondGMbatteryassemblyplant."WewillcontinuetogrowourelectricvehicleportfolioinChinawithdiversesolutionsthatencompassvariouselectricrangesandbodystyles,"MattTsien,presidentofGMChina,,en2016and2020,andthenumberofnewenergyvehicleswouldbedoubledby2023,asChinawasplaying"anessentialrole"evyingforshareinChina,,accountingformorethanhalfoftheworld,seekingatimetablefortheeliminationofvehiclesusinggasolineanddiesel.

  AmanstandsatEmersonsnewMeasurementTechnologyCenterinBeijing,whichopenedlastNovembertoserveitsautomationsolutionsbusinessinChinaandacrossAsia.[Photo/ChinaNewsService]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountrystothegrowthofChinasenergyindustryPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,formandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoThe40yearsofreformandopening-uphavemadeChinamoremodern,moreinternationalizedandmoredeveloped,ssecond-largesteconomyanditsimageasoneoftheworldaandfortheChinesepeople,qualitydevelopment,fromatraditionallow-costlabormanufacturingcountrytoamoreinnovation-based,talent-oriented,sthebiggestchallengeChinafacestodayandhowcanthecountryovercomeitNowthatChinahasenteredaphaseofslowergrowth,oneofthemainchallengeswillbetomaintainitssuccessfultransitiontoaconsumer-oriented,,includingthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20),,thegovernmentsdevelopmentstrategytoincreaseregionaltradeandencouragebroaderglobaleconomiccooperation,iscreatingenormousbusinessopportunitiesthroughoutAsia,nologyinnovation,infrastructure,education,finance,senvironmentalanddevelopmentchallenges,Emersonisworkingwithindustryandgovernmentagenciestopromotetheefficientuseofenergy,includingimprovedenergyefficiencystandards,developingtechnologiesandsolutionstoboostcleanerenergyproduction,late1970s,Emersonwasoneofsixglobalcompaniesinvited,Emersonwastheonlycompanythatwaswillingtoenteralicensingdealtosupplytec,wearecommittedt,000employfter40yearsofreformandopening-up,Chineseenterpriseshaveundergonetransformationsintermsofsize,structure,ness,,wecompletedastrategicportfoliorealignmentprogram,whichenablesustofocusonourtwocorebusinesses-automationsolutions,andcommercialandresidentialsolutions-tobuildonourstrengthsandleadership,tinuousresearchanddevelopmentandinnovation,andasroleintheworldtodayOverthepast40years,Chinahastransformedfromanundevelopednationtoar,ChinasnatssustainedeconomicgrowthhastranslatedintoincreasingvisibilityontheworldstageandPrsdevelopmentoverthisperiodhasnotonlymadeitapowerfulengineofworldeconomicgrowth,butalsocontributedtotherecover,Chinaactivelypromotesthelinkingofdevelopmentstrategiesofallnationsacrosstheregionandbeyond,anditishelpingtoboostlocalemploymentande,itisalsoimportanttoenforceintellectualpropertyrightsande,intellectualpropertyrightsp,wearealsointerestedinChinasreformanddevelopmentactivitiesinkeyareassuchasconservationofenergy,reductionofcarbonemissions,improvementofairquality,sustainablefoodwastemanagement,sexperiencesandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsThegovernments13thFive-YearPlanlaysdownthestrategyandpathwayforChina,urbanizationandsocialwelfare,environmentalprotectionandtalentdevelo,Chinahassetitsownambitiousdevelopmentgoals,governmentistakingconcertedactionstsnewgreenp,wefeelthatifanenterprisecanwininChina,,Chinaisoneofourmostimportantmarketsandmanyofourkeyproductsare,,,withitsnewterminal,,Ihavewitnessedthespeedofthenationstransformation,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinainthepast40yearsOneexamplethathasbeenextremelyimpressiveisChina,dams,,thelengthofChinashighwaysandhigh-speedrailmileagearerankedNo1intheworldandthenationalhigh-speedrailway,whichdidnotexist10yearsago,isnowmoreextensivethantheEuropeanUnionstransportationisindeedthespeedofChina!

  Asayoungreporterwhohasbeencoveringthetechindustryforonlyafewmonths,IamalreadyoverwhelmedbyChina,,Igotoworkonasharedbike,ahomegrownmobil,IusuallystopataconveniencestoretobuybreakfastwiththemobilepaymenttoolAlipay,,afterenjoyingacupofcoffeeinacafe,IcansurftheinternetwithsharedWi-FiandchatwithmybestfriendinFranceviaWeChat,,,mobilepaymentandsocialmedia,asChinasthreemajorinternetinnovationsinthe21stcentury,havebecomeomnipresentinthecountry,thankstobothfavorablepolicysupportandagrowingpooloftal,GeneralSecretaryXiJinpingcalledformoreeffortstomakeChinaintoacountryofinnovatorswhowillpushustothefrontiersofscienceandtechnology."WewillworkfastertobuildChinaintoamanufacturerofqualityanddevelopadvancedmanufacturing,promotefurtherintegrationoftheinternet,bigdata,andartificialintelligencewiththerealeconomy,",oneofthemostimpressivemustbetheboomingsharingeconomy,whichgeneratesmorethan$500millionayearinChina,bringing"whatsyourstoours".Theideathat"accessismoreimportantthanownership",forinstance,bike-sharingdidn,s,thenewmodelofsharingeconomyhassolvedthe"lastmile"pro,,homes,priceyfashion,everydayclothing,basketballs,umbrellas,bags,accessories...utside,Wi-FiMasterKey,asharedWi-Fiplatform,relievesthatproblemtosomeextent,innovationistha,,awomeninher80s,"no-cashlifestyle"reallyisnoweverywhereinChina,yment,,themarketsizeofChinasmobilepaymentindustrybecamenearly50timesasbigasthatoftheUnitedStates,,leadingplayerssuchasAlipayandWeChatPayaremakingtheirmarkintheoutsideworldbymovingawayfromtheoriginalfunctionofsimplyfacilitatingtransactionsandembracingnewactivitiessuchaswealthmanagement,,aleadingsocialmediaplatform,hasevengrownintoanall-encompassingplatformwherepeoplecanorderfood,buymovietickets,,WeChataccou,WeChathasstartedanewbusinessmon100,000followerswithinayear,,weoftenjokinglyrefertohimasthe"richestman",thesituationisnringeconomy,butatthesametime,Iseegovern,onlinepaymentandsocialmediahavemadeChinaacenterofinnovationandrevolutionizedhundredsofmillionsofpeopleslives,Ican,whatsnextTheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]ThesouthernmetropolisofShenzhenhasjoinedothercitiesinafiercecompetitiontoattracttalentbysimplifyingtheprocedureforuniversitygraduatestoobtainlocalhouseholdregistration,,graduateswillbeabletosubmitapplicationsonlinebyuploadingtheireducationcertificatesandpersonalinformationinsteadofgoingtohumanresourceofficesinperson,authenticityandapplicantsqualifications,,itygraduatesanddealwiththeirhukoumatters,enhancingworkefficiencyandincreasingShenzhensattractivenessfortalent,,slatestefforttoattrac,thecitysho,,morethanhalfofwhichwillbedesignatedfortalentedworkers,edforthehousingstartingthisyear,,theaveragepriceforanewhomeinMaywas54,111yuan($8,445)persquaremeter,downj,aresearcherattheGuangdongAcademyofSocialSciences,saidtheintroductionofthenewhukoupolicyisaneffectivewayforShenzhentoretainandattracttalent,giventhehighcostoflivinginthecity."Formanyfreshgraduates,theprimaryissueisthehukoubecausethedocumentiscloselyrelatedtotherightsandsocialservicestheycanenjoy-forexample,buyinghomesorgettingmedicaltreatment,",asenioratShenzhenUniversity,saidalthoughhukouisanimportantfactortoconsider,themainconcernw,includingBeijing,Shanghai,ChengduandXian,havealsoofferedpreferentialpoliciestowoograduates.

  AllanGabor,managingdirectorofperformancematerialsofMerckChina.[Photo/VCG]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountry:IthastakenChinajust40yearstobecometheworld,,:Chinawouldno,ChinasentryintotheInternationalCouncilforHarmonizationwillgreatlyimprovei:formandopening-upprGree,theyhavenotjustgrowninsize,,Ivealsoseensignificantimprovementsinpeopleshealth,,,thecountryhassetupmedicinepilotzonesinBoao,Hainanprovince,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinain,theyarereallylookingtoexpressthemselvesnset:ChinasFive-YearPlanmechanismhasprovedsuccessful,,,thefasttakeoffine-commercecouldfacilitatetradeinremoteareasandthereasthebiggestchallenge,themortalityratefromchronicdiseasesisstillhigh,suressuchasopeningoursecond-largestdrugplantinNantong,Jiangsuprovince,whichproducespharmaceuticalsonthecountry,agetoprovidemoreinnovativeandhigh-qualitymedicineandhealthcareproductsthatimprovepeople,wehavedrugshelpingdiabetes,,wesupportthedevelopmentoforganiclight-emittingdiodetechnologytohelpflatpaneldi,wehelpourcustomersinC,wedontjustbenefitfromChina,,wehaveteamedupwithomesticcompaniesaremovingupinmanygoodways,,sspartners,asisexemplifiedinasroleintheworldtodayTraditionally,-politically,:WenowleveragetalentedpeopleinChinatocontributetoourglobalstrategies,,PresidentXiJinpingintroducedahostofpowerfulmeasurestofurtheropentheworldandresponsibilitiesflowdownthroughdiffe,mpressedbyhowthenationmajorincidentslikethebattleagainstsev,vibrant,innovativeandinclusive.

  Customerslookatunmannedaerialvehicles,ordrones,ataDJIstoreinTianjin,,thedronemakerispushingthedevelopmentofnewdomesticallycreatedintellectualproperty.[PhotoprovidedtoCHINADAILY]Chinaisactiveinintellectualpropertyprotectionasitshiftstoaninnovation-basedeconomyVirtuallyeverydayin2017,around16,000newenterpriseswereregisteredinChina,withmanyoftheminvolvedininnovativeindustriesthataccou,includingHuaweiinthetelecomfield,Fosuninhealthcare,Medtronicinmedicaldevices,andBYDinautos,theyarepushingthedevelopmentofnew,,,ofcourse,thereisAlibaba,theworldsWeChatmessagingandsocialmediaapphas1billionusers,,machinelearningandalgorithms,rpriseshavemadeChinatheworld,ChinarackedupmorepatentfilingsthantheUnitedStates,Japan,,,accordingtotheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,—,atemoredomesticintellectualproperty,ionstradepolicy,includingthestrategysmessagetotheworldaboutChinasdrivetoimproveintellectualpropertyrights,orIPR,protection."StrongerIPRprotectionistherequirementofforeignenterprises,andevenmoresoofChineseenterprises,"XisaidonApril10inhiskeynoteaddressattheBoaoForumforAsia,heldinBoaoinSouthChinasHainanprovince."WeencouragenormaltechnologicalexchangesandcooperationbetweenChineseandforeignenterprises,andprotectthelawfulIPRownedbyforeignenterprisesinChina,",principalcounselattheAsianDevelopmentBank,notesthatIPisahugelyvaluableassetclassinmoderncommerce."Formanycompaniesandfamousbrands,suchasNikeorCoca-Cola,itistheprincipalandindispensableasset,"shesays."Withoutadequateintellectualpropertyprotection—bothlawsandcompetentandempoweredinstitutionsthatuniformlyenforcethelaws—companiesdonthavetheconfidencetoexpandmanufacturingandRDglobally,andtheycertainlydonthaveconfidencetosharetechnologyorscientificdevelopmentswithothercountries,"stradepartnershavelongworriedaboutthequalityofIPprotectioninthecountry,butthoseworriesareseenasremnantsofasys,ChinasetupspecializedIPcourtsinBeijing,,ofIPCourtsstipulatesthatjudgesinIPcourtsmusthave"atleastsixyearsofworkingexperienceinrelevantIPtrialwork".sCourtVice-PresidentTaoKaiyuan,whoisalsoChinasleadingIPjurist,recentlysaidt,duringtheannualmeetingofChinastoplegislature,thegovernmentannouncedplanstorestructuretheStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,signalingatougherstanceonIPprotectionacrossChina."ChinasembraceofIPrightsistobeexpected,andcertainlyalignstocurrentnationalinterests,"saysBryceBoland,chieftechnologyofficerfortheAsia-PacificregionatcybersecuritycompanyFireEye."ItreflectstheadvancesinthecountrysdomesticresearchanddevelopmentcapabilitiesandadiminishedrelianceonforeignIP."sGlobalInnovationPolicyCenterrecentlyreleasedits2018InternationalIPIndex,,patentsandindustrialdesignsbacksthisup."Thelatestfigureschartingariseindemandforintellectualpropertyrightsconfirmadecadelongtrend,wheredevelopmentsinChinaincreasinglyleavetheirmarkontheworldwidetotals,"FrancisGurry,director-generaloftheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,andlawenforcementresults;thatauthoritiesandlawenforcementbodiesareplacingmoreimportanceonIPR;andthattheawarenessofresearchinstitutionsandindividualsofIPRprotectionsandtheircapabilityinusingthemhavesignificantlyincreased."Thisshiftwilllikelybewelcomedinmanypost-industrialeconomies,"saysFireEyeshomegrowninnovation."Iwishtoemphasizethatwithregardtoallthosemajorinitiativesofopening-upthatIhavejustannounced,wehaveeveryintentiontotranslatethemintoreality,soonerratherthanlater,"PresidentXisaidattherecentBoaoforum."Wewanttheoutcomesofouropening-upeffortstodeliverbenefitsassoonaspossibletoallenterprisesandpeopleinChinaandaroundtheworld."QuekSiuRui,CEOofSingapore-basedCarousell,anonlineconsumer-to-consumermarketplace,saysthedirectionChinatakesisimportantforthewholeregion."Thoughwe(Carousell)arenotaimingatthe(Chinesemainland)marketatthemoment,wedokeeptabsonwhatsgoingonthere,asithasabigimpactontherestoftheregion,",($274billion)onresearchanddevelopment,,,,,Xiemphasizeda"newphaseofopening-up"."Humanhistoryshowsthatopennessleadstoprogress,sdoorswillnotbeclosed,butwillonlybeopenedwider,""workhard"toimportmoreproductsrequiredbytheChinese."internationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,"gthatChinasannouncementofmajoropening-upmeasursopening-upisfreefromoutsideinterference.AllanGabor,managingdirectorofperformancematerialsofMerckChina.[Photo/VCG]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountry:IthastakenChinajust40yearstobecometheworld,,:Chinawouldno,ChinasentryintotheInternationalCouncilforHarmonizationwillgreatlyimprovei:formandopening-upprGree,theyhavenotjustgrowninsize,,Ivealsoseensignificantimprovementsinpeopleshealth,,,thecountryhassetupmedicinepilotzonesinBoao,Hainanprovince,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinain,theyarereallylookingtoexpressthemselvesnset:ChinasFive-YearPlanmechanismhasprovedsuccessful,,,thefasttakeoffine-commercecouldfacilitatetradeinremoteareasandthereasthebiggestchallenge,themortalityratefromchronicdiseasesisstillhigh,suressuchasopeningoursecond-largestdrugplantinNantong,Jiangsuprovince,whichproducespharmaceuticalsonthecountry,agetoprovidemoreinnovativeandhigh-qualitymedicineandhealthcareproductsthatimprovepeople,wehavedrugshelpingdiabetes,,wesupportthedevelopmentoforganiclight-emittingdiodetechnologytohelpflatpaneldi,wehelpourcustomersinC,wedontjustbenefitfromChina,,wehaveteamedupwithomesticcompaniesaremovingupinmanygoodways,,sspartners,asisexemplifiedinasroleintheworldtodayTraditionally,-politically,:WenowleveragetalentedpeopleinChinatocontributetoourglobalstrategies,,PresidentXiJinpingintroducedahostofpowerfulmeasurestofurtheropentheworldandresponsibilitiesflowdownthroughdiffe,mpressedbyhowthenationmajorincidentslikethebattleagainstsev,vibrant,innovativeandinclusive.

  SeniorcitizenschatataretirementhomeinBeijing.[Photo/Xinhua]AdjustmentfundwillhelpequalizeprovincesabilitiestopayretireesThecentralgovernmentisadoptinganadjustmentfundsystemforthebasicpensioncoveringemployeesofenterprisestoaddressthedifferentsituationsamongpro,ChinasCabinet,saidonWednesdaythatthesystem,whichwillbeputinplaceonJuly1,willbebasedonthecurrentpensionsyssionfundpoolsandredistributeitlater,basedon90percentoftheanplanthatwillbuildasustainablebasicpensionsystem,,PremierLiKeqiangsaidinawritteninstructionthatcoordinatedeffortsshouldbemadetoensuretheraising,allocation,,($523billion),,,,butprovincialregionssawincreasingdisparityintheirinsurancefundsduetothedifferencesintheireconomicgrowthandratiosofworkerstoretirees,YouJun,vice-ministerofhumanresourcesandsocialsecurity,saidatapo,suchasBeijingandGuangdongprovince,butotherplaces,suchasLiaoningandHeilongjiangprovinces,havepensionfunddeficits,,anationaladjustmentwascalledfor,ndsmorethantheysubmittedtothecentralgovernment,soverallabilityforriskmanagementinpensions,,ensuringpunctualpaymentinfulltoretirees,,aprofessorofsocialsecurityatRenminUniversityofChina,saidthenewsystemwillhelpremoveinequitiesbyunifyingpensioninsurancearoundthecountry."Workersandenterpriseswillpayatthesameratioandsystematicunificationwillleadtoanequality,whichisthefirstandvitalsteptobuildanationallycoordinatedpensionsystem,"Zhengsaid.

  AGeelyEmgrandEV300isondisplayatanautoexhibitioninFuzhou,EastChinasFujianprovince,June19,2017.[Photo/VCG]LONDON-GeelyAutoGroupandShellsignedaglobalstrategiccooperationagreementbroadeningtheircooperationbeyondjustlubricants,asthe"Challenge100Degrees-GeelyGoesGlobal,PoweredbyShell"EuropeanTourcametoaco,thefleetofanonMay4th,theteamdroveover18,000kmacrossAsiaandEurope,passingthro,executivevice-presidentofGlobalCommercialatRoyalDutchShell,saidtheepictourshowcasedthepowerofco-engetweentwocompaniesintheareasofresearchanddevelopment,newmarketentriesandgrowth,andjointbrandedopportunitiesacrossmotorsportsandcorporatesocialresponsibility."Inaddition,GeelyandShellwillcollaborateonnewdigitalopportunitiesandopportunitiestoworktogetherthroughouttheenergytransition,",presidentandCEOofGeelyAutoGroup,said:"GeelyAutoGrouphascooperatedwithShellforthepast11years,throughoutwhichwehaveexploredsharedsynergiesthathaveallowedGeelytoexpandaggressively."Thisyear,GeelyplanstosetupanewdesignstudioinBritaintosupportLotusaswellasanewRDcentreinEurope,,Geelyemploysover15,000researchstaffglobally.

  PresidentXiJinping,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,talkswithacademicianofChineseAcademyofEngineeringGuanHuashiatPilotNationalLaboratoryforMarineScienceandTechnologyduringaninspectiontourinQingdao,EastChinasShandongprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]PresidentXiJinpingconductedaninspectiontourinthecitiesofQingdaoandWeihaiofShandongology(Qingdao),toknowmoreaboutmajorfrontiersciences,theindependentresearchanddevelopmentofmarinehigh-endequipment,,GuanHuashi,anacademicianfromChineseAcademyofEngineering,s"bluedrugstore".Anaerialviewoftheworld’sfirstphotovoltaicexpresswayduringconstructioninJinan,EastChina,Shandongprovince,sometrafficnoisesthreelayers:transparentconcreteontop,lasphalthighwayandcanalsogenerate1millionkilowatt-hoursofelectricityeachyear,,isshifttowardgreenervehiclesandmoreenvironmentallyfocusedintellectualproperty,,,000yuan($470)persquaremetertobuild—,thisprojectandotherdevelopmentshighlightChinaswideandever-increasingcapacity,andambition,,domesticc,inhiskeynotespeechattheBoaoForumforAsia,PresidentXiJinpingemphasizedthattherewouldbegreaterprotectionofIPR."tion,anditwouldprovidethebiggestboosttothecompetitivenessoftheChineseeconomy,",thefounderandCEOofmobilepaymentserviceQFPay,believesanincreaseinregulations,includingstrongerIPRprotection,"Besidesprotectingintellectualproperty,italsohelpsanyindustrytomaintainsafetyandqualitystandards,"Leesays."Thoughthelackofrestrictionsisgreatforinnovationstoinitiallyemerge,regulationsdohelptolighttheirpathgoingforward."AsXisaidinhisBoaospeech,itwillalsoserveto"increaseChinaseconomiccompetitiveness".Thisisgoodnewsfordomesticcompanies,,177RDresearcherspermillionofitspopulation—threetimesthenumberofresearch,321researcherspermillionofitspopulation,n,accordingtotheUnitedNationsEducational,,,thecountrycameinjustbehindtheUS,whichproduced600,sdrivetobecomeanadvancedmanufacturinghub,thenumberofinnovationsfromthecountryislikelytosoar."Whatwewanttograduallyreleasetotheworldareupgraded,middle-tohigh-endproducts,"",forexample,Igthroughtheirphonesthere,"saysQuekSiuRui,co-founderandCEOofSingapore-basede-commerceplatformCarousell."TherestoftheworldneedstocatchupwithChina,"ceinChina,memberbusinessesweredividedontheirviewsofChina,chairmanofthechamber,recentlyissuedastatementsayingthatitsmembership"wantsalevelplayingfieldandreciprocaltreatmenttoimprovemarketaccessinChina".Chineseauthoritieshavebeenhardatworktocombatthesourceofsuchworries."China,"Vice-PremierWangYangsaidduringaChina-USJointCommissiononCommerceandTradeinWashington,DC,,Chinahasinvestigatedandhandledmorethan1millioninfringementandcounterfeitingcriminalcasesandsentencedmorethan70,,ShanghaiandGuangdong.

  

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周小川撰文阐述“一带一路”投融资:应以市场化为主

2019-05-23 07:42
来源: 上海证券报
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摘要
【周小川撰文阐述“一带一路”投融资:应以市场化为主】“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛召开在即。中国人民银行行长周小川近日撰文指出,资金融通是“一带一路”建设的重要支撑,需充分调动政府和市场、沿线国家以及国际资本等各方资源,通过用好开发性金融、推进金融机构和金融服务的网络化布局、更多地使用本币等多种方式,确保投融资的可持续性,将共商、共建、共享的合作理念落到实处。
Just36days!scapitalmarkethaveIseenanyIPOapplicationreceivingtheregulator,whatsgoingonTheShenzhen-basedinternetandelectronicsmanufacturerisseekingtoraise$,,particularlyfirmsthatlabelthemselvesastechunicorns,inneedoffinanceandsearchingforbackersareagogwithexcitement,andkeentoknowhowFoxconndidit.(ThetermunicornwascoinedbyAmericanventurecapitalistAileenLeetodescribeastartupvaluedat$1billionormore.)EvenunlistedsmallslaudingtheC,lengthyreviewandapprovalprocedure,themarketsituationmayhavec,thequickapprovalforFoxconncomesasabreathoffreshair,andappearstobeinlinewiththeneedsofatransitioningbigeconomythatissereateraccessandeasiermeanstofundssotheycouldenhancetheirR&,theFoxconncaseappearstohaveraisedafewquestionsamongsomemarketpeople,aftertheregula$1billionvaluationisamajorrequirementforaquickIPOapproval,willthisleadtovaluationfraudWouldtheregulatorbeabletopreventsuchfraudsIsitfairtoaccordspecialtreatmenttoonlysomeIPOapplicantsliketechsuperstarsShouldnttherebeunifiedstandardsforspeedyapprovalIsthegreenpasslegalinthefirstplaceThecountryslawmakersarestillreviewingtheamendmentthat,rulesconsistent,themarkethealthyandefficient,sothattrulyvaluablestartupscouldflourish.

  “一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛召开在即。中国人民银行行长周小川近日撰文指出,资金融通是“一带一路”建设的重要支撑,需充分调动政府和市场、沿线国家以及国际资本等各方资源,通过用好开发性金融、推进金融机构和金融服务的网络化布局、更多地使用本币等多种方式,确保投融资的可持续性,将共商、共建、共享的合作理念落到实处。

  《中国金融》昨日刊发周小川的署名文章《共商共建“一带一路”投融资合作体系》。文中,周小川详细阐述了对“一带一路”投融资体系的认识和思考。

  周小川表示,“一带一路”投融资应以市场化为主,坚持可持续和互利共赢原则。

  他指出,长期以来,国际社会在发展中国家开展的投融资合作强调减让式资金支持,包括利率、期限、宽限期等方面条件的减让,优惠贷款即是其中的一种。减让式资金支持的条件优于商业资金,不可避免地需要财政补贴和政府支持。但一国财力资源毕竟有限,而且财政资金的使用通常受国内法律等方面的约束,因此,多数国家没有足够的财政资源提供长期的、大规模的对外减让式资金支持。

  “依靠减让式资金支持还可能引发一些风险和问题。”周小川指出,首先是道德风险,即可能导致被支持国家缺乏通过充分挖掘自身资源禀赋等优势发展经济的动力,国与国之间在争取减让式资金支持方面也会出现竞争和攀比。其次是可能导致一些国家的依赖心理,缺乏平衡、互利共赢的合作意识。此外,还可能造成市场扭曲,限制资源的有效配置,最终可能约束发展中国家的发展。

  而且,长期来看,投融资合作不是单向的资金支持,需要各方共商共建,构建共同付出、共担风险、共享收益的利益共同体,同时还需要借助市场力量,最大程度地调动各种资源,确保可持续性。

  基于这些考量,周小川强调,“一带一路”建设的投融资合作应以李克强总理提出的“企业为主体,市场化运作,互利共赢”为原则。一方面,“一带一路”建设涉及大量基础设施建设和产业合作,资金需求量巨大,单靠政府难以提供足够的资金,必须动员市场的力量。同时,所需资金单个国家也难以负担,必须动员沿线国家的力量。另一方面,多数“一带一路”项目建设周期较长,如果投融资不可持续、出现中断,不仅会影响项目进展和经济效益,甚至可能带来政治上的不利影响。再者,“一带一路”建设不是某个国家的“独角戏”,倡议之初就强调要共商、共建、共享。

  根据现有的实践,周小川指出,以市场化、可持续性、互利共赢为特征的投融资体系至少应包括三方面内容:其一是运用开发性金融,其二是推进金融机构和金融服务的网络化布局,其三是积极发挥本币在“一带一路”建设中的作用。

  对于推进金融机构和金融服务的网络化布局,周小川解释,主要指通过机构互设、金融服务对接、资本市场联通、金融基础设施联通、金融监管当局之间的交流与合作等,形成互联互通、利益共享、风险共担的网络化合作格局。

  他提到,促进资本市场联通,可以撬动更多国际资金,逐渐减少“一带一路”建设对传统银行贷款的过度依赖,帮助沿线国家形成层次合理、功能互补的金融市场和丰富的产品体系。在这方面,中国正在积极探索,并取得了一些进展。近年来,随着人民币国际化的不断推进和人民币加入国际货币基金组织特别提款权(SDR)货币篮子,波兰、俄罗斯等沿线国家已在中国债券市场成功发行熊猫债。

  周小川同时强调,积极发挥本币在“一带一路”建设中的作用。在“一带一路”建设中,使用本币开展投融资有利于动员当地储蓄和全球资金、有利于降低换汇成本、有利于维护金融稳定。

  实则,通过使用本币开展投融资推动“一带一路”建设已有不少可以借鉴的经验,中国也进行了一些有益尝试。2008年以来,中国先后与30多个国家和地区签署了本币互换协议,其中包括22个“一带一路”沿线国家。中国还在23个国家和地区建立了当地的人民币清算安排,指定了当地的人民币清算行,其中7个为“一带一路”沿线国家。

(原标题:以市场化为主 三方面构建投融资体系 周小川撰文阐述“一带一路”投融资)

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